ATLAS FOR

AGRICULTURE

IN THE AMERICAS

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Towards sustainable agriculture

Fuente: Elaborado con base en CDB 2014, CI 2019, FAO 2019, PNUMA-WCMC 2016 y WRI 2019.

50 %

of the planet's biodiversity is in LAC.

50 %

of the world's tropical forests are in LAC and 12% of the planet's mangroves are in the Caribbean.

6

of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela) are located in LAC.

8

of the 36 biodiversity hotspots are in LAC.

4

centers of origin (Vavilov areas) are in LAC.

Southern Mexican and Central American

49 especies

Brazilian-Paraguayan

13 especies

Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru

45 especies

Centro chileno

4 especies

25 %

of agriculture-related greenhouse gas production originates in the Americas, only surpassed by Asia with 44%. Africa emitted 15%; Europe, 12%; and Oceania, 4% (2001-2011 period).

709

million hectares are used for agriculture (2017).

35 %

de la superficie de tierra de ALC se destina a agricultura (2017)

15 %

of the planet's agricultural surface is in LAC (2017).

28 %

of lands with potential to expand agricultural surfaces are in LAC.

23 %

of the Earth's forests are in LAC (2017).

300

million hectares of soil in LAC are degraded.

48 %

of soils in the Caribbean, and

50 %

of soils in Mesoamerica show high or very high levels of degradation.

5

of the 10 countries most affected by extreme events over the past twenty years are in the LAC region (Puerto Rico, Honduras, Haiti, Nicaragua and Dominica) according to the Global Climate Risk Index (Eckstein, et al. 2018)

17

LAC countries have committed to restoring more than 50 million hectares of degraded lands by means of the 20x20 initiative (Vergara et al. 2018).

Fuente: Elaborado con base en Eckstein et al. 2018, FAO 2014 y 2019, UNEP 2016, Vergara et al. 2018 y Zeigler y Truitt Nakata 2014.