ATLAS FOR

AGRICULTURE

IN THE AMERICAS

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Agricultural sector in LAC

USD 275 000 000 000

agricultural value-added (AVA) in LAC (2018)

0.2 %

agricultural production growth in LAC (2018)

4.6 %

contribution of the agriculture sector to the GDP of LAC (2018)

14.0 %

contribution of the agriculture sector to total employment in LAC (2018)

USD 7190

average partial factor productivity (PFP) per farmer in LAC (2018)

37.7 %

percentage of agricultural lands in the total surface of LAC (2016)

THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN LAC

18.5 % of total employed men
7.5 % of total employed women
work in the agriculture sector in LAC.
In LAC, 125 million people live in rural areas (2018), which accounts for 19.4% of the total population.
54.6 % of the total number of workers in rural areas carries out primary activities associated with agriculture
In countries like Bolivia and Peru, rural employment in agriculture surpasses 70% of the total workforce.
In rural areas,
62.1 % del total de hombres trabjadores
40.8 % of total employed women
work in the agriculture sector in LAC.

LAC'S GOAL IS TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN A SUSTAINABLE MANNER.

Nonetheless, over the past five years, agricultural productivity in the region has been affected by a delay in the implementation of technological advances and investment on infrastructure, as well as by increased use of inputs such as land and labor, among others.

What is grown in LAC?

(Principales cultivos según total de área cosechada en ALC, 2015-2017)
Sunflower seed

Producción (millones T): 4

Contribution to global production (%): 7.6

Largest producing country in the world: Ukraine

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Argentina (3)

Yucca

Production (million tons): 30

Contribution to global production (%): 10.3

Largest producing country in the world: Nigeria

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (4)

Sorghum

Production (million tons): 11

Contribution to global production (%): 18.1

Largest producing country in the world: United States

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Mexico (3)

Rice

Production (million tons): 27

Contribution to global production (%): 3.6

Largest producing country in the world: China

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (9)

Coffee

Production (million tons): 5

Contribution to global production (%): 55.4

Largest producing country in the world: Brazil

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (1)

Soybean

Production (million tons): 177

Contribution to global production (%): 52.4

Largest producing country in the world: United States

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (2)

Corn

Production (million tons): 168

Contribution to global production (%): 15.4

Largest producing country in the world: United States

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (3)

Sugar cane

Production (million tons): 996

Contribution to global production (%): 53.6

Largest producing country in the world: Brazil

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (1)

Wheat

Production (million tons): 28

Contribution to global production (%): 3.7

Largest producing country in the world: China

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Argentina (11)

Beans

Production (million tons): 6

Contribution to global production (%): 19.9

Largest producing country in the world: India

Country in LAC with the highest contribution to global production: Brazil (3)

References

ECLAC. 2019. CEPALSTAT Estadísticas e indicadores. Consulted August 2019. Available at: https://estadisticas.cepal.org/cepalstat/web_cepalstat/estadisticasindicadores.asp

Fuglie, K.; Rada, N. 2019. International Agricultural Productivity (on line). Washington, D. C., United States of America, USDA-ERS. Consulted July 2019. Available at: https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/international-agricultural-productivity

World Bank. World Development Indicators (WDI) (on line). Consulted July 2019. Available at: https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators